Mergers and acquisitions laws in Thailand

With developing number of individuals investing their resources into different business ventures, there are likewise a developing number of mergers and acquisitions happening in developing countries as organizations utilize this procedure to speed up their development and accumulate extra advantages.

Thailand is one such developing country who has encountered and is yet encountering a development in mergers and acquisitions as Thai government endeavors to spread their scope all through Asia. So if you are doing a business in Thailand and are seeking to sharpen your company further then merging with a Thai company can result in having a deeper market penetration in a key area of operations.

Mergers and Acquisitions in Thailand

But let us first know the rules of the Thai government:

What are the laws in Thailand for foreigners?

When it comes to mergers and acquisitions, foreign investors are generally subject to a number of Thai legitimate and administrative limitations or approvals. On a basic level, the Foreign Business Act of 1999 confines foreigners taking an interest in Thai organizations and limits foreign ownership in other forms of business organizations. Most foreign-owned organizations in Thailand are confined from becoming major proprietors of a Thai organization without government endorsement. While the Board of Investments and some international treaties allow certain foreign-owned businesses to operate in Thailand without the restrictions of the Foreign Business Act.

Types of mergers:

  • Horizontal: when two contending organizations with comparative items and markets choose to blend.
  • Vertical: when a client secures with one of its providers.
  • Market extension: when two organizations offering comparable items in various markets choose to combine.
  • Product extension: when two organizations that offer distinctive items in a similar market blend.
  • Mishmash: when two distinct organizations that don’t have anything in like manner yet choose to blend just to have impacts on their neighborhood markets and item rivalry.


For public companies: an open consent is required by a vote of the shareholders to combine their operations.

For private companies: the party of the smaller organization typically consents to offer their shares to the gathering of the bigger organization.

  • Parties sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) or Letter of Intent (LOI) with terms and conditions clearly mentioned.
  • The buyer should check various issues within the target before merging or acquiring.
  • After all, the examination is done, parties enter the buy-sell negotiation.
  • Parties set up the Sales and Purchase Agreements and whatever other related reports prepared to be marked and attached the organization seal. The consented to arrangements are approved under Civil and Commercial Code of Thailand.

Also, there are tax issues, labor regulations, and existing contracts which can bring about an untidy and complex joining process. It is imperative to look for the direction of a reputed legal firm before starting the procedure of mergers or acquisitions.

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